Significance of Public Health for the Health Sector of Pakistan

Pakistan, as we all know is a developing country and we are presently experiencing lots of issues and issues. These issues vary from terrorism, energy crisis and poverty to poorly developed education and health systems. Basis

Health, which is the basic human being right, has sadly not been our priority. This kind of statement is supported by the simple fact that in line with the Universe Health Organization 2013 figures, the system of our country happens to be ranked as 122 away of 190 countries. This can be a very alarming shape especially considering the simple fact that one of our neighboring countries Iran is ranked as 93 in the same list. This kind of particular figure definitely pulls our attention towards issues in the sector which we are currently facing. 

Firstly, we need to know what is meant by health system. The health system does not only include hospitals and clinicians. This rather involves everything which directly or indirectly influences the fitness of populations. The health system is consisting of hostipal wards, environment, urban planning, food, nutrition and numerous other sectors which are straight or indirectly associated with deciding the health of multitude. This means the fact that by merely building new hospitals and producing more clinicians, we cannot make our health systems better. There must be a multi-sectoral approach which should entail all the components of the health system.

The next and the main factor to consider is that we need to improve our current health system model. If we want to increase the health position of our population, we need to base our health system on the preventive way as opposed to the curative approach, that is, we need to promote public health. Enough time has now come where we have to come out of the downstream (clinician) approach and move towards upstream (public health) approach. This is the only way with which we can survive and can make the health status of the population better. We should reconsider and amend our current health policy and we will have to develop it on the model of public health. This is the need of the time and if we want to survive and compete with the world, we have to follow the general public health model rather than the clinician’s model.